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DIAGNOSIS AND NON-SURGERY TREATMENT OF THYROID NODULE


WHAT IS THE THYROID Gland?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located just below the cartilage called the Adam's apple in the anterior part of the neck. It weighs about 20 grams. It secretes hormones that are vital for our body.

WHAT IS A THYROID NODULE?

Thyroid nodules are abnormal lumps or masses of different structures and sizes that occur within the thyroid tissue. Most of them are harmless and benign. Nodules are usually not noticed until they reach 2 cm in diameter, where they are visible to the naked eye. They carry a cancer risk of 5-10%.

Thyroid nodules can be single or multiple, but they can also be solid (solid), cystic (fluid-filled) or mixed.

IN WHICH CONDITIONS IS THYROID BIOPSY DONE?

in ultrasonography

with microcalcifications

with irregular borders

atypical looking

Fine-needle biopsy must be performed on the nodules by an interventional radiologist.


HOW IS THYROID BIOPSY DONE?

The main way to find out if a thyroid nodule is at risk of cancer is to do a biopsy.

Cells are drawn from the nodule in your thyroid with a fine needle, spread on the glass and sent to pathology. Pathology detects whether these cells are malignant. With a fine-needle biopsy, it doesn't hurt as much as pinching your neck, and mild swelling, pain, or redness may occur with low risk.

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