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Is Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery an Option for You?

Updated: Jun 2, 2022

There are three alternative surgical methods to open heart surgery, how can you determine which one is more suitable for you? @drsistem @profdrhakanpoyrazoglu

If open heart surgery worries you when you hear you need heart surgery, you can breathe a sigh of relief because many heart surgeries are now performed using a minimally invasive or small incision approach.

Benefits of minimally invasive surgeries; less bleeding, less trauma, less infection and faster recovery. It is applied very successfully in infants and children by physicians specialized in pediatric patients.

In minimally invasive surgery, small incisions are made with or without the use of robotic surgery.

This approach is known to give the best results for the three types of heart surgery.

1. Heart valve operations

A valve repair or a valve replacement surgery is the most common minimally invasive procedure for heart surgery. It is performed on the side of the chest, under the armpit, through a small incision on the sternum.

Traditional heart surgery requires a large incision in the middle of the breastbone (sternum), but these heart valve operations reduce the incisions to 5 to 8 cm in length. Not only does this reduce pain and blood loss, it also leaves less scarring and probably means you'll be out of the hospital sooner.

2. Coronary Artery bypass grafting

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) This procedure is more suitable for patients who need one or two bypass grafts. This Method, through CABG, bypasses one or more occluded coronary arteries with a blood vessel graft to restore normal blood flow to the heart.

These grafts are usually taken from the patient's own arteries and veins in the chest, leg or arm.

3. Aortic procedures

Some surgeons perform aortic procedures, such as aneurysm repair, through small incisions. Rarely, aortic aneurysm or Type B dissection repair can be accomplished with a small inguinal incision used to insert a stent graft through the artery.

If you have high blood pressure or a disease that affects your body's connective tissues, the aortic artery sometimes develops a dissection (or tear) in its arterial lining. Your blood normally flows through the aortic artery like water in a garden hose. When a tear occurs, your blood also flows through the tear, creating two passages.

Type B dissection can now be performed with a minimally invasive approach using a stent.

Choosing the best approach for you

When finding the best surgical option, it's important to find a heart surgeon with experience in all approaches. You two can then work together as a team to decide how best to solve your problem.

Make sure your surgeon will choose the minimally invasive surgery option, feel free to ask questions. To get an idea of ​​how comfortable and experienced the surgeon is, you can ask how often they perform the surgery. We wish you healthy days.

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