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Liver Cyst

Liver Cyst
What is liver hydatid cyst?

Noting that special attention should be paid to hydatid cyst disease, which is common in Turkey due to the widespread use of animal husbandry and insufficient hygienic conditions, General surgery specialist and Organ Transplantation Center responsible Assoc. Dr. Fahri Yetişir gave information about the hydatid cyst of the liver, which can cause the death of patients. Liver hydatid cyst, popularly known as canine cyst, is caused by a parasite that passes from animal to human. It is a disease that cannot be transmitted from person to person. This disease is actually a completely benign disease caused by parasites. It does not cause cancer and does not become cancerous. Liver hydatid cyst can go away for a long time without any symptoms, or it can bring with it many problems, from jaundice, which gives signs and symptoms depending on the location and size of the liver, to fatal allergic reactions.

How does the parasite find a breeding ground?

The parasite that causes liver hydatid disease needs predatory animals such as dogs, jackals and wolves, and small cattle and cattle, which we call grass buds, in its life cycle. mature parasite; It lives in the intestines of animals such as wolves, jackals and dogs. The eggs of the parasite are thrown out with the feces of these predators. When small cattle and cattle eat contaminated food (grass, water..), the eggs pass into their intestines and maggots are released in the intestines, mix with the bloodstream and settle in different parts of the body, most often in the liver, and gradually grow into cysts. These cysts contain thousands of worms that will cause parasites. Then, after the diseased organs (containing these cysts) are eaten by animals such as wolves, jackals and dogs, the parasite reaches their intestines again, where it develops and becomes an adult parasite. In other words, the parasite needs such a cycle to reproduce.

How does it appear in humans?

If the substances contaminated by the parasite's eggs (food, water…) are taken by people orally, the eggs open in the intestines and the parasite that comes out of it also often forms cysts in humans to settle in the liver.

Can liver hydatid disease be transmitted from person to person?

Liver hydatid disease is not transmitted from person to person. There are no parasites or eggs in human feces.

How does the disease develop?

Although this disease can be seen all over the human body, 75-80% of it settles in the liver. Regardless of the event, a cyst filled with a pressurized fluid that grows and grows at the site of the parasite is formed.

Does the disease cause damage to the liver?

Generally, liver cells continue to function as they push the liver tissue to make room for itself, but depending on the location and size of the liver, it may impair liver functions.

What kind of complaints does liver hydatid cyst cause? How does it reveal itself?

There may be one or more cysts in the liver. Small cysts usually do not cause complaints. The disease is usually revealed on ultrasound and tomography performed for other reasons. Larger cysts present with complaints such as pain and fullness on the right side. Sometimes the cysts may come with jaundice by pressing on the bile ducts, or if these cysts become infected, they may cause complaints such as fever and abdominal pain.

What happens if the cyst is left alone?

It usually grows larger and can spread to neighboring organs. Obstruction in the liver and other adjacent organs can cause perforation and structural deformations. Their emergence increases the risks that complicate the fight against the disease. Therefore, when we detect this disease, we should make a treatment program immediately.

If the hydatid cyst disease is not treated, it can lead to serious problems. "If the cyst is ruptured by any impact, severe allergic reactions may occur, which may lead to respiratory arrest. Again, with the rupture of the cyst, the parasite may spread to the entire peritoneum and sometimes lead to abdominal hydatidosis, which cannot be fully cured. The contents of the cyst are infected. This condition can be fatal, especially in elderly patients. The cyst may open into one of the main bile ducts, which can be fatal even in young and healthy individuals, or cause jaundice by blocking the bile ducts. Finally, the cyst presses on the main vascular structures at the entrance of the liver can cause life-threatening problems

Treatment of liver cysthidatic

Treatment of liver hydatid cyst is a team effort. These patients should be evaluated very well before starting the treatment. The standard treatment for the disease is surgery. The surgical method, on the other hand, is determined by variables such as the size of the cyst, its location in the liver, its number, and whether there are complications. The stage of the cyst is also very important when choosing these treatment options. In appropriate cases, needle aspiration and laparoscopic (door surgeries) can be successfully applied. if m

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