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Venous Insufficiency and Laser Varicose Treatment with Questions

Updated: Sep 26, 2022

What is Venous Insufficiency? How is Varicose Veins Treatment done?

Varicose veins are twisted and swollen veins; it appears dark blue or purple just under the skin.

Varicose veins are common in the leg and may appear as fine lines, webs or branches.

It happens because of weak valves in veins that don't work properly. Instead of blood flowing to the heart, it collects in the veins.

Women are more likely to develop varicose veins.

The older you get, the greater your chances of having varicose veins because aging causes the veins to become weak or damaged. Heredity is also a risk factor for developing varicose veins, if some members of the family have varicose veins, you will have more opportunities to have it.

Being overweight and standing or sitting for long periods of time also increases the chances of developing varicose veins as it puts pressure on the lower body veins, which can damage the valves in the veins or weaken the vein walls.

Varicose Veins Symptoms and Complaints

People with varicose veins may feel sore, sore and uncomfortable in the legs. The pain gets worse after sitting or standing for a long time. The ankles are swollen and there are color changes in the area around the varicose veins. At night, there is usually a muscle cramp in the legs.

Diagnosis and Follow-up

The doctor will perform a physical examination and take a history. Normally, a diagnostic test such as Duplex Doppler Ultrasound, which will be looked at with various maneuvers, especially standing, is done to check the blood flow and the structure of the vessels in the legs. Diagnosis and treatment by the same physician will increase the success of the treatment and reduce the likelihood of recurrence in follow-ups.

Laser and Foam (sclerotherapy) Treatment

Medical treatment is necessary for pain relief when varicose veins worsen. The doctor first recommends using compression stockings every day to improve blood circulation and reduce pain or discomfort. For small varicose veins, sclerotherapy can be applied to treat small varicose veins; It involves injecting a solution into the vein to reduce the appearance of varicose veins. In some cases, laser or radiofrequency ablation, a minimally invasive treatment, is done to heat the walls to damage the walls inside the veins and close the veins in the legs. A minifilebotomy can also be done to remove varicose veins in the legs.


There are some ways to improve circulation and reduce your risk of developing varicose veins, including exercising regularly and controlling your diet. Avoid high heels and regularly changing sitting or standing positions.

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Frequently asked questions about varicose veins:

Why does varicose occur?

The valve structure of the veins is damaged. If it starts to expand, it cannot be repaired. Pain, swelling and cramping in the legs may also accompany.

How many types of varicose are there?

There are 3 types according to their size and shape; capillary, vascular ball thin varicose and thick skin varicose veins

Is there a predisposition to varicose veins?

Genetics (heredity), gender (being female), standing too much, lifting heavy, being inactive

What happens if I don't get treatment for varicose veins?

If varicose veins are not treated, it progresses gradually and reduces the quality of life. If varicose veins progress, wounds may open on the ankle.

All varicose veins can be treated on an outpatient basis without loss of work force.

Varicose vein sclerotherapy is a method that has been used safely for 30 years.

After the treatment of varicose veins, spots may occur temporarily, but they resolve spontaneously, usually in a few months, but may rarely last up to 2 years.

Although nutrition is not likely to cause varicose veins, it is thought that excess weight triggers the formation of varicose veins.

Can all types of varicose be treated?

All types of varicose veins can be treated in a few sessions with accurate diagnosis, planning, vessel mapping, and foam therapy during follow-up.

How long will I need to rest at home after the treatment?

Usually you don't need to rest at home, you feel good.

Can varicose veins be treated in summer?

Varicose veins can be treated in any season.

Varicose veins on female genitalia can also be treated.

I am pregnant, my varicose veins have increased a lot, can I be treated?

You can use compression stockings to reduce your complaints. You can be treated even while breastfeeding 2-3 months after the pregnancy ends.

How long does varicose treatment take?

Although the processing time after Doppler Mapping takes less than an hour, it is possible to go home after an hour of follow-up.

Can varicose veins be prevented?

Compression socks, drug therapy, walking and doing sports delay the formation of varicose veins. But it doesn't completely prevent it.

Is the treatment too painful?

Depending on the method used in the treatment, there may be some pain to be tolerated. Laser temperature can be controlled with appropriate tumescence anesthesia. It is a method that gives excellent results with needles applied in capillaries.

Can vaginal varices also be treated?

For vaginal varicose veins, an angiography device is used to detect leaks in the ovarian vessels, and pelvic congestion syndrome is treated with coiling method. Vaginal and uterine

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